TATA NAMA HIDROKARBON

ALKANA (C­nH2n+2)
Jumlah Atom C
Rumus Molekul
Tata Nama
1
CH4
Metana
2
C2H6
Etana
3
C3H8
Propana
4
C4H10
Butana
5
C5H12
Pentana
6
C6H14
Heksana
7
C7H16
Heptana
8
C8H18
Oktana
9
C9H20
Nonana
10
C10H22
Dekana
11
C11H24
Undekana
12
C12H26
Dodekana
14
C14H28
Tetradekana
18
C18H10
Oktadekana
20
C20H10
Eikosana
ALKIL (C­nH2n+1)
Jumlah Atom C
Rumus Molekul
Tata Nama
1
CH
Metil
2
C2H5
Etil
3
C3H7
Propil
4
C4H9
Butil
5
C5H11
Pentil
6
C6H13
Heksil
7
C7H15
Heptil
8
C8H17
Oktil
9
C9H19
Nonil
10
C10H21
Dekil
ALKENA (C­nH2n)
Jumlah Atom C
Rumus Molekul
Tata Nama
2
C2H
Etena
3
C3H6
Propena
4
C4H8
Butena
5
C5H10
Pentena
6
C6H12
Heksena
7
C7H14
Heptena
8
C8H16
Oktena
9
C9H18
Nonena
10
C10H20
Dekena
ALKUNA (C­nH2n-2)
Jumlah Atom C
Rumus Molekul
Tata Nama
2
C2H2
Etuna
3
C3H4
Propuna
4
C4H6
Butuna
5
C5H8
Pentuna
6
C6H10
Heksuna
7
C7H12
Heptuna
8
C8H14
Oktuna
9
C9H16
Nonuna
10
C10H18
Dekuna

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